Biology > Study Notes > FINAL STUDY GUIDE EEMB 22

FINAL STUDY GUIDE EEMB 22

VOCABULARY Adaptation: the process by which organisms become adjusted or change (fit) within their particular environment. Allelochemical: a chemical produced by a living organism, exerting a detrimental physiological effect on the individuals of another species when released into the environme ... nt/many chemical types -ex: terpenoids (primary Carbon compounds) essential oils; derived from isoprenoids -display volatility (aromatic) -small differences in chemical structure can have large effects in function Altruism: individuals put themselves at risk for the benefit of species enhancement (for better of the species) -self sacrificing behavior -helps others but diminishes own chance of producing offspring Anaerobic Respiration: without oxygen -animals: lactate fermentation (produces a little bit of ATP): pyruvic acid --> lactic acid -plants: alcoholic fermentation (produces a little bit of ATP): pyruvic acid --> ethyl alcohol Anabolism: -metabolic process -small chemicals to large chemicals -builds molecules the body needs -i.e. photosynthesis requires energy Anaerobic Respiration: 1st stage of cellular respiration (Glycolysis) ATP: Adenosine Tri-Phosphate: Energy created from a breakdown of glucose. Biochemical View: CO2 regulation. Atmosphereic CO2 is regulated primarily by organisms. Biogeography: The study of patterns in the geographic distribution of species and communites. Biome: Any of Earth’s major land ecosystems characterized by climate and main vegetation [Show More]

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